Created attachment 297207 [details]
Converting a file previously using (ext2/3) blocklists to ext4 extents using chattr +e makes the kernel write an invalid checksum to the extent block (if one needs to be written because of the metadata_csum feature & there being more than 4 extents). Because of inode caching, this won't be obvious until the inode has has been evicted from the cache, or the filesystem is remounted. The checksum errors are trivially correctable using e2fsck.
* Create a large enough file on an ext3 filesystem to have it 5+ discontinuous ranges of blocks
* Add 'extent' and 'metadata_csum' feature to the filesystem
* chattr +e the file
* Reload the filesystem/clear inode cache
See repro.sh for full steps.
* Reading the file gives I/O errors (EXT4-fs error: ext4_find_extent:885: inode #12: comm cat: pblk 17591 bad header/extent: extent tree corrupted - magic f30a, entries 6, max 340(340), depth 0(0))
* e2fsck reports checksum mismatch (ext2fs_block_iterate3: Extent block checksum does not match extent block)
Besides the system where I originally found the bug, I reproduced it with 3 Debian versions (Stretch, Buster, Bullseye rc1), and additionally Bullseye with vanilla 5.13.0-rc4 kernel built from kernel.org source tarball: so, kernel versions spanning 4.9 to 5.13.
The reproduction script is destructive to the provided device.
Created attachment 297209 [details]
Execution log of reproduction script with vanilla kernel
Created attachment 297211 [details]