Bug 14884 - Kernel configured for "586/K5/6x86/6x86MX" does not run on a Cyrix/IBM 6x86
Summary: Kernel configured for "586/K5/6x86/6x86MX" does not run on a Cyrix/IBM 6x86
Alias: None
Product: Platform Specific/Hardware
Classification: Unclassified
Component: i386 (show other bugs)
Hardware: i386 Linux
: P1 normal
Assignee: platform_i386
Depends on:
Reported: 2009-12-26 21:36 UTC by Roman Mamedov
Modified: 2010-03-26 06:16 UTC (History)
6 users (show)

See Also:
Kernel Version:
Regression: Yes
Bisected commit-id:

Config of the kernel which doesn't boot (106.98 KB, application/octet-stream)
2009-12-26 21:36 UTC, Roman Mamedov
Config of the kernel which boots fine (101.41 KB, application/octet-stream)
2009-12-26 21:37 UTC, Roman Mamedov

Description Roman Mamedov 2009-12-26 21:36:44 UTC
Created attachment 24315 [details]
Config of the kernel which doesn't boot

Right after starting to boot, the kernel stops and shows a message (roughly): "Expected a 586 CPU but only a 486 class CPU detected. Please use the kernel corresponding to your type of hardware". compiled with similar options works fine.

The CPU is:

processor	: 0
vendor_id	: CyrixInstead
cpu family	: 4
model		: 4
model name	: 6x86L 2x Core/Bus Clock
stepping	: 2
fdiv_bug	: no
hlt_bug		: no
f00f_bug	: no
coma_bug	: yes
fpu		: yes
fpu_exception	: no
cpuid level	: -1
wp		: yes
flags		: cyrix_arr
bogomips	: 149.91
clflush size	: 32
power management:

Attaching kernel configs. Used menuconfig to select the processor type as "586/K5/6x86/6x86MX" in both cases. Result: boots, doesn't.
Looks like CONFIG_X86_MINIMUM_CPU_FAMILY=5 could be the reason in the latter case, but (1) this didn't seem to be available in menuconfig as a separate option and (2) why wasn't this automatically set to "4" when I selected the processor type?
Comment 1 Roman Mamedov 2009-12-26 21:37:14 UTC
Created attachment 24316 [details]
Config of the kernel which boots fine
Comment 2 Roman Mamedov 2009-12-26 22:18:37 UTC
So it looks like X86_CMPXCHG64 now wrongly defaults to "y" for CONFIG_M586 in the newer kernel, upping the requirement for X86_MINIMUM_CPU_FAMILY be upped to 5 from 4.

This is a regression caused by this commit:


A workaround which I use for now:

- depends on !M386 && !M486
+ depends on !M386 && !M486 && !M586
Comment 3 Roman Mamedov 2009-12-26 22:23:45 UTC
s/be upped//

Also adding to CC the author and the committer of the probematic git change.
Comment 4 Roman Mamedov 2009-12-26 23:18:06 UTC
Found another commit which could be relevant:


It was only affecting "the obvious Intel CPU", and said "if you enable it on other CPUs later, do it carefully", but the regression-causing commit mentioned above just sets X86_CMPXCHG64=y on ALL kinds of CPUs except for 386 and 486.
Comment 5 Andrew Morton 2010-01-04 23:04:35 UTC
Thanks, I'll reassign this regression to x86.
Comment 6 H. Peter Anvin 2010-01-04 23:11:13 UTC
The use of the CPU level in Ingo's patch is just plain wrong, since this is a CPUID-bit-equipped feature.  However, it is Rusty's patch that breaks non-Intel chips: the logic is not equivalent.
Comment 7 Rusty Russell 2010-01-05 01:47:18 UTC
You're right.  Intel's page said CMPXCHG8B was "not supported on Intel(R) processors earlier than the Pentium(R) processors." from which I intuited that it was in M586.  But that is over-reading, and this is a Cyrix anyway.

Ingo's comment on being careful with other CPUs was prophetic; I should have read it :(

I do like the idea of changing from a positive to a negative list, but I can't find enough canonical information to be sure.  So patch is best reverted (breaks lguest but I'll simply emulate the pushf and cli insns).

Sending patch now...
Comment 8 Roman Mamedov 2010-01-07 22:27:29 UTC
Fixed in 2.6.33-rc3. Thanks!
Comment 9 Yuhong Bao 2010-03-26 06:14:14 UTC
I was just going to mention the NT4 bug, but the problem here with Cyrix is that while the Cyrix 6x86L does support CX8, it simply do not enable the CPUID instruction by default, which is needed to detect CX8. To enable it, you will need to do the Cyrix 5/2 test, then if a Cyrix is detected, flip a bit in some register accessed by port 0x22/0x23 to enable the CPUID instruction.
Comment 10 Yuhong Bao 2010-03-26 06:16:20 UTC
And on the 6x86, it implements only 486 features, period, thus should need a 486 compiled kernel.

Note You need to log in before you can comment on or make changes to this bug.